اثر سطوح مختلف پری بیوتیک گالاکتوالیگوساکارید بر عملکرد رشد، بازماندگی و برخی شاخص های بیوشیمیایی خون بچه ماهی بنی Mesopotamichthys sharpeyi ))

نوع مقاله : مقاله کامل علمی - پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی کارشناسی‌ارشد گروه تکثیر و پرورش شیلات، دانشکده منابع طبیعی دریا، دانشگاه علوم و فنون دریایی خرمشهر، خرمشهر، خوزستان، ایران.

2 نویسنده مسئول، دانشیار گروه تکثیر و پرورش شیلات، دانشکده منابع طبیعی دریا، دانشگاه علوم و فنون دریایی خرمشهر، خرمشهر، خوزستان، ایران.

3 استادیار گروه تکثیر و پرورش شیلات، دانشکده منابع طبیعی دریا، دانشگاه علوم و فنون دریایی خرمشهر، خرمشهر، خوزستان، ایران.

4 اداره شیلات و آبزیان خرمشهر، اداره کل شیلات خوزستان.

چکیده

در این مطالعه اثر سطوح مختلف پری بیوتیک گالاکتوالیگوساکارید بر عملکرد رشد، بازماندگی و برخی شاخص های بیوشیمیایی خون ماهی بنی مورد ارزیابی قرار گرفت. به این منظور تعداد 240 قطعه ماهی بنی با میانگین وزن1/0 ±11/12در 4 تیمار با 3 تکرار شامل شاهد: تغذیه شده با جیره پایه، تیمار 1: حاوی ده گرم پری بیوتیک، تیمار 2: بیست گرم پری بیوتیک، تیمار 3: سی گرم پری بیوتیک در کیلوگرم غذا به مدت 56 روز تغذیه شدند. نتایج نشان داد که وزن نهایی ماهیان در تیمار 2 به صورت معنی داری نسبت گروه شاهد و سایر تیمارها افزایش داشت (05/0P<). ضریب تبدیل غذایی نیز در تیمارهای حاوی پری بیوتیک به صورت معنی داری نسبت به سایر گروه‌ شاهد کاهش یافت (05/0P<). مقدار کارایی پروتئین در تمامی تیمارهای پری بیوتیک نسبت به گروه شاهد افزایش پیدا کرد(05/0P<). میزان پروتئین لاشه در تیمارهای 1 و 2 به طور معنی داری نسبت به گروه شاهد بیشتر بود (05/0P<). همچنین میزان چربی لاشه در تیمار 2 به طور معنی داری نسبت به گروه شاهد کمتر بود (05/0P<). میزان پروتئین، آلبومین و گلوبولین پلاسما در تیمارهای حاوی پری بیوتیک نسبت به گروه شاهد افزایش داشت (05/0P<). از طرفی میزان گلوکز، کلسترول، تری گلیسرید و LDL در تیمار 2 به صورت معنی داری نسبت به گروه شاهد کاهش پیدا نمود (05/0P<). در حالی که میزان HDL افزایش پیدا کرد (05/0P<). نتایج این تحقیق نشان داد استفاده از گالاکتوالیگوساکارید تا سطح 20 گرم در کیلوگرم غذا منجر به بهبود شاخص های مورد سنجش می گردد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The Effect of different levels of galactooligosaccharide prebiotic on growth performance, survival, and some blood biochemical parameters of juvenile Binni fish (Mesopotamichthys sharpeyi)

نویسندگان [English]

  • Mostafa Torfi Sabih Zade 1
  • Hamid Mohammadiazarm 2
  • Nasim Zanque 3
  • Milad Maniat 4
1 M.Sc. Student, Dept. of Fisheries, Faculty of Marine Natural Resources, Khorramshahr University of Marine Science and Technology, Khorramshahr, Khuzestan, Iran.
2 Corresponding Author, Associate Prof., Dept. of Fisheries, Faculty of Marine Natural Resources, Khorramshahr University of Marine Science and Technology, Khorramshahr, Khuzestan, Iran.
3 Assistant Prof., Dept. of Fisheries, Faculty of Marine Natural Resources, Khorramshahr University of Marine Science and Technology, Khorramshahr, Khuzestan, Iran.
4 Iranian Fisheries Organization, Khorramshahr, Khuzestan, Iran.
چکیده [English]

In this study, the effects of different levels of galactooligasaccharide prebiotics on growth performance, survival, and some blood biochemical parameters of Binni fish, Mesopotamichthys sharpeyi was investigated. 240 fish with weight of 12.11 ± 0.1 g were fed in four treatments with three replications including: control group, T1 (1% prebiotic), T2 (2% prebiotic), T3 (3% prebiotic) for 56 days. The results showed that the final weight of fish in T2 was significantly increased compared to the control and the other treatments (P<0.05). The feed conversion ratio (FCR) in treatments with prebiotics was significantly improved compared to the control (P<0.05). The feed efficiency (FE) increased considerably in the treatments with prebiotics compared to the control group (P<0.05). The protein content of fish body in T1 and T2 treatments was significantly higher than the control (P<0.05). Also, the lipid content of fish body in T2 was significantly lower than the control group (P<0.05). The amounts of protein and albumin in fish plasma increased compared to the control group. But, the amounts of triglyceride, cholesterol, LDL showed significantly reduction in T2 treatment compared to the control group (P<0.05). While, the amount of HDL significantly increased (P<0.05). This study showed that the use of galactooligosaccharide up to 20 g per kg diet leads to the improvement of the assayed biological indices.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Prebiotic
  • Blood
  • growth
  • Galactooligosaccharide
  • Mesopotamicgthys sharpeyi
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