اثر افزودن زردچوبه به جیره غذایی ماهی کپور معمولی (Cyprinus carpio) بر شاخصهای خونشناسی و بیوشیمیایی در زمان حمل و نقل

نوع مقاله : مقاله کامل علمی - پژوهشی

نویسنده

نویسنده مسئول، استادیار پژوهشی، سازمان تحقیقات، آموزش و ترویج کشاورزی، مؤسسه تحقیقات علوم شیلاتی کشور، مرکز تحقیقات ذخایر آبزیان آب‌های داخلی، گرگان.

چکیده

در این تحقیق اثر تغدیه با جیره های غنی شده با زردچوبه بر شاخصهای خونشناسی و یونی پس از حمل و نقل در ماهی کپور بررسی شد. به این منظور، ماهی ها به مدت 2 هفته با جیره های غذایی حاوی 0، 5/0، 1 و 2 درصد زردچوبه تغذیه و پس از آن به مدت 3 ساعت توسط کیسه های پلاستیکی حمل و نقل شدند. نتایج نشان داد که حمل و نقل باعث کاهش تعداد گلبولهای قرمز و درصد لنفوسیتها و افزایش گلبولهای سفید، درصد نوتروفیلها، MCV، MCH و MCHC خون و افزایش غلظت کلسیم، کلراید و پتاسیم پلاسما می شود. همچنین، حمل و نقل اثر معنی داری بر درصد هماتوکریت، غلظت هموگلوبین و درصد مونوسیتهای خون نداشت. افزودن زردچوبه به جیره غذایی باعث کاهش اثرات منفی حمل و نقل بر شاخصهای خونشناسی و غلظت یونهای پلاسما در ماهی شد و بهترین نتایج در تیمار 1 درصد زردچوبه به دست آمد. بر اساس این مطالعه نتیجه گیری می شود که تغذیه با جیره غنی شده با زردچوبه باعث بهبود شاخصهای خونشناسی و افزایش سلامت ماهی پس از حمل و نقل می شود و سطح 1 درصد زردچوبه برای ماهی کپور توصیه می گردد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Effect of adding turmeric to the diet of common carp (Cyprinus carpio) on hematological and biochemical parameters during transportation

نویسنده [English]

  • Seyed Morteza Hoseini
Corresponding Author, Research Assistant Prof., Agricultural Research, Education and Extension Organization, Iranian Fisheries Sciences Research Institute, Inland Waters Aquatics Resources Research Center, Gorgan, Iran.
چکیده [English]

In this study, the effect of feeding with turmeric-enriched diets was investigated on hematological and ionic parameters after transport in common carp. For this, the fish were fed diets containing 0, 0.5, 1 and 2% turmeric for 2 weeks and then transported in plastic bags for 3 hours. The results showed that transport decreased the number of red blood cells and the percentage of lymphocytes, and increased the number of white blood cells, the percentage of neutrophils, MCV, MCH and MCHC in the blood and increased the concentration of calcium, chloride and potassium in the plasma. Also, transport had no significant effect on hematocrit percentage, hemoglobin concentration, and percentage of blood monocytes. Addition of turmeric to the diet reduced the negative effects of transport in the fish and the best results were obtained in the treatment of 1% turmeric. Based on this study, it is concluded that dietary turmeric supplementation improves hematological parameters and health of fish after transportation and the level of 1% turmeric is recommended for common carp.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Stress
  • Diet
  • Nutrition
  • Blood
  • turmeric
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