تأثیر آفت کش های آزینفوس متیل و دیازینون بر برخی پارامترهای بیوشیمیایی و خون‌شناسی ماهی کلمه خزری (Rutilus rutilus caspicus)

نوع مقاله : مقاله کامل علمی - پژوهشی




دیازینون و آزینفوس متیل از جمله آفت کش هایی هستند که دررودخانه های گرگان رود و قره‌سو استان گلستان گزارش‌شده‌اند. در این مطالعه تاثیرات تحت حاد این سموم بر برخی پارامترهای بیوشیمیایی و خون‌شناسی ماهی کلمه مورد بررسی قرارگرفته است. نتایج این مطالعه نشان داد که تحت تأثیر این دو آفت کش، میزان آنزیم های آلانین آمینوترانسفراز (ALT)، آسپارتات آمینوترانسفراز (AST) و آلکالین فسفاتاز (ALP) در مقایسه با گروه شاهد افزایش داشت. همچنین مقایسه بین دو آلاینده نشان‌دهنده افزایش بیشتر فعالیت این آنزیم ها در مواجهه با دیازینون بود. با توجه به نتایج، پس از درمعرض قرارگیری با دیازینون و آزینفوس متیل، هموگلوبین و همچنین گلبول‌های قرمز کاهش یافتند اما تعداد گلبول‌های قرمز افزایش نشان داد. همچنین در این مطالعه مشخص شد که تحت تأثیر این دو آفت کش شاخص‌های خونی حجم متوسط گلبول قرمز (MCV)، مقدار وزن هموگلوبین در یک گلبول قرمز (MCH)، و غلظت متوسط هموگلوبین گلبول قرمز (MCHC)در مواجهه با غلظت‌های دیازینون و آزینفوس متیل کاهش یافتند اما اختلافی بین این پارامترها در دو این دو آفت کش وجود نداشت. با توجه به نتایج این مطالعه می‌توان گفت غلظت‌های تحت حاد دیازینون و آزینفوس متیل که نزدیک به غلظت آن‌ها در طبیعت نیز می باشند، منجر به تاثیرات مخرب در دامنه وسیعی از پارامترهای خونی آن می‌شود.



عنوان مقاله [English]

Effect of azinphos- methyl and diazinon on blood biochemical and hematological indices of Caspian roach (Rutilus rutilus)

نویسنده [English]

  • kheyrollah khosravikatuli
چکیده [English]

Presence of azinphos methyl and diazinon was reported in Gorganrod and Gharesou River. In present study the effect of sub-lethal concentration of these pesticide on some blood biochemical and hematological parameters of Caspian Roach (rutilus rutilus) was investigate. The result of this study showed that, both of pesticide caused increase of ALT, AST and ALP in treated groups. Also, comparison between tow pesticides showed that diazinon has more effect on these enzymes activity. With regards the results, after exposure to azinphos methyl and diazinon, RBC and Hb decreased but in contrast, WBC increase. Also the results showed that after treatment with both pesticides, blood indices such as MCV, MCH AND MCHC significantly decreased in compare to control group but haven’t different between azinphos methyl and diazinon. Due to results of this study it can be said that sub lethal concentration of azinphos methyl and diazinon that are approximately close to their concentraions in environment, lead to adverse effects on a broad range of hematological parameters.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • agricultural pesticides
  • liver enzymes
  • blood cell
  • bony fish
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