بررسی اثرات سطوح مختلف پربیوتیک ایمکس اولترا (مخمر اشباع شده Saccharomyces cerevisiae) بر پارامترهای رشد، بقاء، کارایی تغذیه‌ و مقاومت در برابر تنش‌های محیطی در بچه ماهیان نورس کپور معمولی (Cyprinus carpio Linnaeus. 1758)

نوع مقاله: مقاله علمی - پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشگاه گنبد کاووس

2 دانشگاه گنبدکاووس

3 دانشکده علوم دریایی، دانشگاه دریانوردی و علوم دریایی چابهار، چابهار، ایران

چکیده

تحقیق حاضر به‌منظور بررسی تأثیر پربیوتیک ایمکس اولترا در پنج سطح صفر (شاهد)، (g.kg-1) 3/0(T1)، 5/0(T2)، 7/0(T3) و 1(T4) بر شاخص‌های رشد، کارایی تغذیه، بقاء و مقاومت در برابر تنش‌های محیطی به مدت 60 روز صورت گرفت. بدین منظور تعداد 600 قطعه لارو کپور معمولی با میانگین وزن اولیه (g) 273/0±3/1 (انحراف معیار±میانگین) تهیه و پس از سازگاری یک‌هفته‌ای در قالب یک طرح کاملاً تصادفی در 5 تیمار آزمایشی هرکدام با سه تکرار (با تعداد 40 قطعه در هر تکرار) تقسیم شدند. همگی لاروها در ابتدا و انتهای دوره مطالعه زیست‌سنجی شده و در انتهای دوره تحت استرس‌های محیطی قرار گرفتند. در پایان آزمایش نتایج حاصل نشان داد که استفاده از سطوح (g.kg-1)5/0 و 7/0 پربیوتیک در جیره غذایی موجب افزایش معنی‌دار شاخص‌های رشد و استفاده از سطح g.kg-13/0 پربیوتیک باعث افزایش معنی‌دار کارایی تغذیه در مقایسه با تیمار شاهد می‌گردد. (05/0P<). در خصوص نرخ بقاء نیز تفاوت معنی‌داری نیز بین تیمار تغذیه‌شده با سطح g.kg-1 5/0 پربیوتیک با سایر تیمارهای آزمایشی و تیمار شاهد ثبت شد (05/0P<). نتایج حاصل از آزمون رگرسیون خطی نیز وجود همبستگی مثبت و معنی‌دار بین افزایش سطح پربیوتیک جیره و شاخص‌های رشد و تغذیه اندازه‌گیری شده را نشان داد. همچنین نتایج حاصل از تست‌های مقاومت در برابر تنش‌های محیطی نیز تفاوت معنی‌داری بین تیمارهای آزمایشی و تیمار شاهد از خود نشان داند (05/0P<). این نتایج بیانگر بهبود عملکردهای رشد، نرخ بقا، کارایی تغذیه و افزایش مقاومت در لاروهای کپور معمولی در تغذیه با پربیوتیک ایمکس اولترا بود.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات

عنوان مقاله [English]

The effect of dietary different level of A-Max Ultra Prebiotic (Yeast Culture of Saccharomyces cerevisiae) on Growth Parameters, Feed Utilization, Survival Rate andimproved stress resistance in Common Carp fry (Cyprinus carpio Linnaeus. 1758)

نویسندگان [English]

  • Masoud Iry 1
  • Mohammadreza Bivareh 1
  • Mahin Ranjdoost 2
  • Samira Jafaryan 3

3 Marine Sciences Faculty, Chabahar Maritime University, Chabahar, Iran

چکیده [English]

This experiment was conducted to evaluate the effect of A-Max Ultra prebiotic at five concentrations of 0 (control), 0.3 (T1), 0.5 (T2), 0.7(T3) and 1(T4) g.kg-1 on growth parameters, feed utilization, survival rate and resistance against the challenge tests of common carp larvae were compared for 60 days. For this purpose 600 Common carp F1 larvae with average mean weight of 1.3±0.273g and (±SD) were obtained and transferred to the laboratory. After 14 days adaptation to the laboratory conditions the fish were randomly divided into five treatments with three replicates (four experimental treatment and the control). The results revealed that, the highest of Growth parameters were observed in the diet containing 0.5 and 0.7 g.kg-1 A-Max Ultra prebiotic supplement and the highest of feed indices were observed in the diet containing 0.3 g.kg-1 prebiotic supplement that a significant difference was observed between treatments and the control treatment (P<0.05). The results of linear regression showed there was a positive relationship between some growth parameters and feed utilization including FW, LW, SGR, ADG, TGC, FCE, PER and LER and also negative relationship between RFI and FCR supplementation level of A-Max Ultra. There is a significant difference between treatment's survival rates (P<0.05). The results of challenged with environmental stress showed a significant difference compared with control treatment (P<0.05). This results demonstrated that the use of The A-Max Ultra Prebiotic improved growth parameters, Survival rate, Feed utilization and resistance time to the challenge test of cmmon carp Larvae.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Prebiotic
  • A-Max
  • growth
  • challenge
  • Cyprinus carpio
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