استخراج ترکیبات زیست‌فعال از محصولات جانبی حاصل از فرآوری آبزیان

نوع مقاله: مقاله علمی - پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 تربیت مدرس

2 پژوهشگاه پلیمر و پتروشیمی ایران

چکیده

چکیده
موجودات دریایی به عنوان یک منبع با ارزش از مواد غذایی و ترکیبات کارکردی شناخته می‌شوند. از طرفی سالانه مقادیر زیادی از مواد زائد کم ارزش، درکارخانجات فرآوری غذاهای دریایی تولید می‌شوند. در نتیجه، محققان تعدادی از ترکیبات زیست فعال از جمله پپتیدهای زیست فعال، کلاژن و ژلاتین، الیگوساکاریدها، اسیدهای چرب، آنزیم ها، کلسیم، مواد محلول در آب، و پلیمرهای زیستی را از مواد دور ریختنی و باقی مانده‌های مواد خام شناسایی کردند. پپتیدهای زیست‌فعال مشتق شده از ضایعات ماهی می-تواند به عنوان ضدفشارخون، ضد‌اکسیدان، ضدانعقادخون، و ترکیبات ضد‌میکروبی در غذاهای کارکردی یا مواد غذایی و دارویی با توجه به پتانسیل درمانی آن‌ها در درمان یا پیشگیری از بیماری‌ها استفاده شوند. دراین راستا، در حال حاضرکلاژن و ژلاتین در زمینه‌های مختلف از جمله صنایع غذایی، آرایشی و بهداشتی، و زیست پزشکی مورد استفاده قرار می‌گیرد. همچنین کیتین، کیتوسان و مشتقات‌شان دارای پلی ساکاریدهای بیولوژیکی فعال می‌باشند. از این رو، ضایعات غذاهای دریایی، منابع طبیعی ارزشمندی هستند که محدوده وسیعی از ویژگی‌های کارکردی را نشان می‌دهند و از این رو مواد بالقوه‌ای برای صنایع پزشکی، زیستی و غذا- دارو می‌باشند.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

Derivation BioActive Compounds From Seafood Processing By-Products

نویسندگان [English]

  • Seyed fakhreddin Hosseini 1
  • Mojgan Zandi 2
2 Iran Polymer and Petrochemical Institute
چکیده [English]

Abstract
Marine organisms represent a valuable source of nutraceuticals and functional compounds. On the other hand, large amount of underutilized by-products are generated from the seafood processing plants annually. Consequently, researchers have identified a number of bioactive compounds including bioactive peptides, collagen and gelatin, oligosaccharides, fatty acids, enzymes, calcium, water-soluble minerals, and biopolymers. Bioactive peptides derived from fish waste can be used as antihypertensive, antioxidative, anticoagulant, and antimicrobial components in functional foods or nutraceuticals and pharmaceuticals due to their therapeutic potential in the treatment or prevention of disease. In this regard, collagen and gelatin are currently used in diverse fields including food, cosmetic, and biomedical industries. Also, chitin, chitosan, and their derivatives possess biologically active polysaccharides and hence they are potential agents for many applications. Hence, seafood by-products are valuable natural resources that show range of functionalities and hence potential materials for biomedical and nutraceutical industries.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Bioactive compounds
  • Fish waste
  • Nutraceuticals
  • Value-added products
  • By-product
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