محاسبه شاخص‏های زیستی ماکروبنتوزها جهت ارزیابی سلامت اکولوژیکی اکوسیستم‏های آبی

نوع مقاله: مقاله علمی - پژوهشی

نویسنده

استاد دانشگاه زنجان

چکیده

مهمترین موجودات زنده در تمام اکوسیستم‏ های آبی جهت ارزیابی و پیش‏بینی تغییرات اکولوژیک حتی تغییرات اقلیمی در دنیا، ماکروبنتوزها هستند. در ایران، کارایی ماکروبنتوزها در مدیریت منابع آبی حتی لیستی از خانواده‏ های موجود در اکوسیستم‏ های آبی، ناشناخته است لذا این مطالعه، اولین پژوهش به زبان فارسی است که به معرفی و نحوه محاسبه بیش از بیست شاخص‏ زیستی ماکروبنتوزها در سطح خانواده جهت سلامت اکولوژیک آب‏ها پرداخته است. شرایط اقلیمی خاص در ایران، تنوع بالایی خانواده ‏های ماکروبنتوزهای ایرانی و مسایل مربوط به بحران آب، ضرورت مطالعات اکولوژیکی را بیش از پیش می‏ کند. نتایج این مطالعه نشان می‏ دهد شاخص نسبت اکولوژیک (EQR)، جدیدترین شاخص چند معیاره اکولوژیک است که باید نسبت به بومی‏ سازی آن اقدام گیرد. به نظر می‏ رسد با توجه به شباهت محیط زیست نیمه شمالی کشور به اکوسیستم ‏های اروپایی، کارایی شاخص ‏های اروپایی مطلوب‏تر باشد.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات

عنوان مقاله [English]

Biotic Macroinvertebrate Indices to Ecological Health Assessment of Aquatic Ecosystems

چکیده [English]

Macroinvertebrates are the most important biota for assessing and predicting of ecological health variation in the world. In Iran, the feasibility of Macroinvertebrates indices is unknown for water resources management. So, the explanation of calculation methods of the biotic popular indices is the aim of this study. The specific climate condition, high diversity of macroinvertebrates and water lack in our country are causes that showed we must be serious for the bio monitoring and bio assessing of our aquatic ecosystems. The Ecological Quality Ratio (EQR) is the newest multimetric index of macroinvertebrates that should have modified for Iranian context. It seems with regarding of the similarity among Iranian and European aquatic ecosystems especially for the northern one, the European Macroinvertebrates indices would be appropriated.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Macroinvertebrates
  • Iran
  • Water
1. Aazami, J., Esmaili-Sari, A., Abdoli, A., Sohrabi, H., and Van den Brink, P.J. 2015a.
Monitoring and assessment of water health quality in the Tajan River, Iran using
physicochemical, fish and macroinvertebrates indices. Journal of Environmental Health
Science and Engineering, 13, 29.
2. Aazami, J., Esmaili-Sari, A., Abdoli, A., Sohrabi, H., and Van den Brink, P.J. 2016.
Ecological Integrity Assessment of Tajan River, Iran using physicochemical, fish and
macroinvertebrates indices. PhD Dissertation Database, Tarbiat Modares University, 190.
3. Aazami, J., Sari, A.E., Abdoli, A., Sohrabi, H., and Brink, P.J. 2015b. Assessment of
ecological quality of the Tajan River in Iran using a multimetric macroinvertebrate index and
species traits. Environmental management, 56: 260-269.
4. Bailey, B.C., Norris, R.H., and Reynoldson, T.B. 2004. Bioassessment of freshwater
ecosystems. Bioassessment of Freshwater Ecosystems. Springer.
5. Buss, D.F., Carlisle, D.M., Chon, T.-S., Culp, J., Harding, J.S., Keizer-Vlek, H.E., Robinson,
W.A., Strachan ,S., Thirion, C., and Hughes, R.M. 2015. Stream biomonitoring using
macroinvertebrates around the globe: a comparison of large-scale programs. Environmental
monitoring and assessment, 187: 4132.
6. Carew, M.E., Pettigrove, V.J., Metzeling, L., and Hoffmann, A.A. 2013. Environmental
monitoring using next generation sequencing: rapid identification of macroinvertebrate
bioindicator species. Frontiers in zoology, 10, 45.
7. Chessman, B.C. 2003. New sensitivity grades for Australian river macroinvertebrates.
Marine and Freshwater Research, 54: 95-103.
8. Cota, L., Goulart, M., Moreno, P., and Callisto, M. 2003. Rapid assessment of river water
quality using an adapted BMWP index: a practical tool to evaluate ecosystem health.
Internationale Vereinigung fur Theoretische und Angewandte Limnologie Verhandlungen,
28.
9. Daneshvar, F., Nejadhashemi, A.P., Herman, M.R., and Abouali, M. 2016. Response of
benthic macroinvertebrate communities to climate change. Ecohydrology and Hydrobiology.
10.Fitzpatrick, F.A., Harris, M.A., Arnold, T.L., and Richards, K.D. 2004. Urbanization
influences on aquatic communities in northeastern Illinois streams. Journal of the American
Water Resources Association, 40: 461-475.
11.Gabriels, W., Lock, K., De Pauw, N., and Goethals, P.L. 2010. Multimetric
Macroinvertebrate Index Flanders for biological assessment of rivers and lakes in Flanders
(Belgium). Limnologica-Ecology and Management of Inland Waters, 40: 199-207.
12.Gooderham, J., and Tsyrlin, E. 2002. The waterbug book: a guide to the freshwater
macroinvertebrates of temperate Australia, Csiro Publishing.
13.Hilsenhoff, W.L. 1988. Rapid field assessment of organic pollution with a family-level biotic
index. Journal of the North American Benthological Society, 65-68.
14.Kennen, J.G. 1999. Relation of macroinvertebrate community impairment to catchment
characteristics in New Jersey streams. JAWRA Journal of the American Water Resources
Association, 35: 939-955.
15.Mandaville, S. 2012. Benthic macroinvertebrates in freshwaters: Taxa tolerance values,
metrics, and protocols, Citeseer.
16.Mebane, C.A., Maret, T.R., and Hughes, R.M. 2003. An index of biological integrity (IBI)
for Pacific Northwest rivers. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society, 132: 239-261.
17.Nguyen, H.H., Everaert, G., Gabriels, W., Hoang, T.H., and Goethals, P.L. 2014. A
multimetric macroinvertebrate index for assessing the water quality of the Cau river basin in
Vietnam. Limnologica-Ecology and Management of Inland Waters, 45: 16-23.
18.Oscoz, J., Galicia, D., and Miranda, R. 2011. Identification guide of freshwater
macroinvertebrates of Spain, Springer Science and Business Media.
19.Rojas, J.M., and Rios, J.A. 2016. Water Quality Assessment of the Clark Fork River in
Montana Using Benthic Macroinvertebrates as Bioindicators.
20.Semenchenko, V., and Moroz, M. 2005. Comparative analysis of biotic indices in the
monitoring system of running water in a biospheric reserve. Water Resources, 32: 200-203.
21.Sharifinia, M. 2012. Benthic macroinvertabrate distribution in Tajan River using canonical
correspondence analysis. Caspian Journal of Environmental Sciences, 10: 181-194.
22.Triest, L., Kaur, P., Heylen, S., and De Pauw, N. 2001. Comparative monitoring of diatoms,
macroinvertebrates and macrophytes in the Woluwe River (Brussels, Belgium). Aquatic
Ecology, 35: 183-194.
23.Varnosfaderany, M.N., Ebrahimi, E., Mirghaffary, N., and Safyanian, A. 2010. Biological
assessment of the Zayandeh Rud River, Iran, using benthic macroinvertebrates.
Limnologica-Ecology and Management of Inland Waters, 40: 226-232.
24.Water, U.S.E.P.A.O.o., Barbour, M.T., Gerritsen, J., Synder, B.D., and Stribling, J.B. 1999.
Rapid bioassessment protocols for use in wadeable streams and rivers: periphyton, benthic
macroinvertebrates, and fish.